Our teeth have three main layers - the enamel, dentin, and root canal. The enamel and dentin are solid layers, while the root canal is a cavity that houses the dental pulp. The dental pulp is a combination of blood vessels and nerves, and they provide nourishment and sensation to the teeth. Hence, they are considered one of the most important components of the tooth. When the tissues within the root canal cavity get decayed, it is called root canal infection. It is mostly caused due to the microbes present in the mouth.
Symptoms of Root Canal Infection
- Severe decay of the dental pulp
- The infected tooth may look dull and discolored
- The gums near the infected tooth may bleed or discharge pus
- If the condition is left untreated, the underlying jawbone can deteriorate or lose volume.
- Severe pain and soreness when you touch the tooth or apply pressure to it.
- Severe pain and discomfort while biting and chewing food, brushing teeth, etc.
- Eventually, the tooth could loosen from the tooth socket and eventually fall off.
What causes a root canal infection?
When tartar develops on the teeth, the microbes in them release toxins when they feed on the food debris left in the mouth. When the toxic and acidic substances are released, it can erode the enamel and cause cavities, which can eventually grow deeper to result in a root canal infection.
Other major reasons for the damage in the pulp are:
- Deep tooth decay.
- Cracked or a chipped tooth.
- The same tooth being subjected to multiple dental procedures
- Tooth injury
If the dental pulp gets damaged, it will cause severe pain and swelling in the gums. When a patient experiences any of these symptoms, a detailed dental examination along with an X-Ray will be conducted by the dentist to determine the need for root canal treatment.
During the initial consultation, our dentist will screen your mouth to know the severity of the infection. The most effective method to treat a root canal infection is by removing the infected pulp. However, we will consider dental fillings, medications, or other restorations to restore the tooth before opting for this. If these treatment procedures do not give the desired results or the tooth is beyond any restoration, root canal therapy will be considered.
During the procedure, your infected tooth and the surrounding area will be numbed by administering local anesthesia. This will keep you from feeling pain and discomfort during the treatment. The infected tooth to be treated will be isolated from the rest by placing a rubber dam. The decayed pulp is extracted from the cavity using dental files after making a hole in the tooth. After removing the decay, the walls of the cavity will be cleaned, disinfected, and shaped accordingly. Antibiotic medication will be placed in the cavity before sealing off the hole with a suitable filling material to prevent the chances of reinfection.
Since the pulp from the tooth is removed completely during root canal therapy, the tooth would not have any source of nourishment or sensitivity. This can make the tooth weak and prone to cracks, chipping, or fractures eventually. Having a dental crown placed can help prevent this.
Please reach us by scheduling a consultation, and we’ll guide you further.